Questions about Diabetes .
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes results when the pancreas is unable to produce adequate insulin
or the body is unable to use the insulin effectively. Insulin is a hormone
that carries glucose, (blood sugar) out of the blood into the cells where
it is used for energy. If you are unable to produce adequate insulin or
you are unable to use your insulin effectively, (insulin resistance); you
will develop hyperglycemia or high blood sugar.
Diabetes is a chronic, long-term disease that can lead
- Heart disease
- Kidney Failure
- Loss of Limb
Are there different types of Diabetes?
Yes, people with Type 1 Diabetes require daily injections of insulin, (a
hormone) to control their blood sugar. People with Type 1 Diabetes do not
make sufficient insulin on their own. 5-10% of all people diagnosed with
diabetes fall into this category.
People with Type 2 Diabetes may not make adequate insulin, but they usually
have “insulin resistance”, an inability to effectively utilize
the insulin they are making. Type 2 diabetics can be managed through diet,
exercise, and sometimes with the use of medication and insulin. Approximately
90-95% of all people diagnosed with diabetes fall into this category.
Can I have diabetes and not know it?
Yes, for many people diabetes is a symptom-less disease. You may not know
you have diabetes because not all people experience symptoms. Symptoms
of high blood sugar are fatigue, increased thirst, increased urination,
increased hunger, blurred vision, dry skin and nausea.
Who is at greatest risk for diabetes?
- People with a family history.
- People who are overweight, especially if they carry their
weight in the stomach.
- All ethnic groups, including Native Americans, African
Americans, Hispanic Americans and Asian Americans.
- Mothers who had large babies or gestational diabetes
How can I find out if I have diabetes?
Go to your doctor and have your doctor test for
diabetes. The tests for diabetes include:
- A Fasting blood glucose
- A Random blood glucose
- An Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
What is the treatment for Diabetes?
The treatment for Diabetes includes education. In order to manage your
diabetes, you must test your blood sugars daily. Therefore, you
need to learn how to use a blood sugar monitor. You may need to make
some lifestyle changes, such as increasing your activity level and reducing
food portions and carbohydrates. Some people with diabetes need to take
medications and/or insulin.
Sarasota Memorial's Diabetes Treatment Services (DTS) provides
comprehensive educational programs. Support groups are also
available to those who have attended the outpatient
diabetes programs. Ask your doctor to refer you to our program.
If you wish to learn more about DTS, please call us for an appointment.
Diabetes Treatment Services